Horses with cardiac problems are initially seen by the equine internal medicine service. These efforts are supported through consultation with Dr. Lynne Nelson, a board certified veterinary cardiologist. A variety of cardiac diagnostic testing is available including echocardiography, electrocardiography, 24-hour Holter monitoring, and treadmill exercise testing.
Videoendoscopy is available for evaluation of a wide variety of equine disorders including upper airway (nose, throat, mouth) abnormalities, urinary bladder problems, and disorders of the esophagus, stomach, or rectum. This equipment permits simultaneous viewing of internal structures by a large number of people and video recording of the examination for later viewing.
High-Speed Treadmill Evaluation
A high-speed treadmill is available for exercise testing of equine athletes. Treadmill testing can be an invaluable aid in the diagnosis of upper respiratory disorders, heart and lung problems, and muscle disorders.
The Veterinary Teaching Hospital has state-of-the-art isolation facilities for treatment of horses with infectious or contagious diseases such as strangles and salmonellosis. A stringent infection control protocol is followed.
A full range of diagnostic testing support is available for investigation of complicated or difficult internal medicine problems. The clinical pathology laboratory provides a wide range of blood tests and the internal medicine staff is experienced in interpretation of these and many other diagnostic tests. WSU’s Veterinary Teaching Hospital faculty and staff are pioneers in the diagnosis and therapy for immune deficiency, diagnosis of rhodococcus equi, and evaluation of equine narcolepsy.
Lameness Evaluation and Treatment
The equine lameness staff specializes in diagnosis and treatment of lameness in the horse. Advanced diagnostics include nuclear scintigraphy, radiography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound, computed tomography, and slow motion videography.
The equine internal medicine service can perform comprehensive neurologic evaluations on horses to localize lesions in the central and peripheral nervous systems. Advanced diagnostic tests include myelograms, cerebrospinal fluid analysis, and radiographs. Medical imaging including MRIs (magnetic resonance imaging) and CT scans (computed tomographic) are also available.