Veterinary Teaching Hospital

Client Information

Community Practice Vaccination Protocols: 

January 2016, Pullman Washington




Core (Essential Vaccines)


DA2PP (or DA2P)
  • Puppies 6,10 and 14 weeks or 8, 12 and 16 weeks.
  • Repeat 1 year later.
  • Then repeat every 3 years.
  • Each patient should be evaluated for increased risk of exposure - may consider yearly protocols for these patients.
  • Give in right shoulder.
  • Start puppies at 12-16 weeks of age.
  • Repeat 1 year later.
  • Then repeat every 3 years or as required by state, provincial, and/or local requirements.
  • Give in right rear limb.
  • Intranasal vaccine.
  • Give to Kittens at 8, 12, and 16 weeks.
  • Repear annually.
  • if using injectable vaccines, consider 3 year Duration of Immunity (DOI) and give distally in right fore limb.

  • Recombinant vaccine is used (live canary pox vector-1 year label, 3 year label also available).
  • Give at 12-16 weeks.
  • Repeat annually.
  • Given distally in right rear limb.
  • Killed products (adjuvanted) are available with one and three year Duration of Immunity (DOI).

Non-Core (non-Essential Vaccines)


  • For dogs at risk for exposure give vaccine containing icterhemorrhagica, canicola, pomona and grippotyphosa.
  • Give at 12 and 16 weeks.
  • Then annually.
  • Vaccine should be given to high risk dogs such as hunting or field trial dogs 1 month prior to season.
  • Give in left hind limb when administered alone.
  • If last vaccine was >24 months, a series of 2 vaccines is necessary.


  • Oral or intranasal vaccine given to dogs at risk at least 14 days prior to exposure, starting as early as 8wks.
  • Duration of immunity 6-12 months.

Corona (not recommended)

  • It is generally recognized that dogs older than 11-12 weeks are not susceptible to disease.
  • AAHA guidelines suggest that prevalence of confirmed clinical cases does not justify vaccination in the pet population.
  • Consider its use in at risk animals including breeding bitches and shelter situations.
  • There may be a higher reaction rate when given with the leptospirosis vaccine.
Canine Influenza (H3N8 and H3N2) (not recommended at this time for most dogs)
  • Clinical signs include a cough, nasal discharge, conjunctivitis and a fever.  It can progress to pneumonia and rarely death.
  • 2 strains currently are known
    • H3N8 mutated from horses to dogs initially at a Florida greyhound racetrack sometime around 2004.
    • H3N2 arose from an avian strain that emerged in Asia in 2006-7.  First recognized in the US in early 2015.
  • Each strain has its own vaccine, H3N8 fully licensed; H3N2 has only conditional licensing.
  • Vaccines do not cross protect.
  • H3N8
    • Current hot spots include Philadelphia, Santa Rosa, CA, parts of Southern CA, Hartford Ct, San Antonio, TX, Bergen County NJ and historically New York City, New Jersey, Colorado, especially Denver, and parts of South Florida.
    • Vaccinate dogs that are exposed to race tracks, to greyhounds, or ones that are traveling in these areas. It has also been reported to decrease the number of secondary infections present in vaccinated dogs.
    • Vaccine reportedly reduces the duration and intensity of clinical signs and protects against the formation and severity of lung lesions.
    • Give 2 doses to at risk dogs after 6 weeks of age 2-4 weeks apart.
  • H3N2
    • Initial outbreak in the Chicago area in Mar 15
    • At date (Jan 16) 2 dogs in Washington (Seattle area) and 4 dogs in Montana (Butte and Helena) have tested positive, no fatalities have resulted
    • Conditionally licensed vaccine available, but its use has currently not been approved in Washington State
    • Recommend dogs be updated on their core vaccines, because Canine Distemper Virus, Canine Parvovirus and Canine Adenovirus can cause immune suppression adding to the severity of Canine Influenza Virus infections

No other vaccines are recommended for dogs in Pullman WA.
Another non-core canine vaccination includes the Lyme disease vaccine. It may be considered for each individual practice area and after the risk assessment of each pet.

Feline Leukemia (FeLV)
  • Give to cats at risk for exposure.
  • Give at 12 and 16 weeks.
  • Repeat annually in cats determined to have sustained risk of exposure or every two years for low risk cats. There is a vaccine available with a 2 year DOI.
  • Give distally in left rear limb.
  • Recombinant vaccine and parenteral killed products are available.

No other vaccinations are recommended for cats in Pullman WA.

Other non-core feline vaccinations include FIV, Chylamydophila, and Bordetella.  These may be considered for each individual practice area and after assessing the risk for each pet

Another non-core canine vaccination includes the Lyme disease vaccine. It may be considered for each individual practice area and after the risk assessment of each pet. There have been some recent advances in vaccine development for dogs and cats and challenge studies have been done to establish duration of immunity for these vaccines. There may be some patients that this vaccination protocol may not be appropriate for, and we will continue to individualize our vaccination selection for each patient. We will continue to try to minimize the number of vaccines administered to each patient while maintaining protection against these serious infectious diseases.

The vaccinations your pet has received prior to this time may be good for longer than 1 year, however, please come in for your annual exam when you receive a reminder card, and we will discuss the best vaccination protocol for your pet.

Please refer to the guidelines we have established in the community practice and if you have any questions about which vaccines are appropriate for your pet please call us at 509-335-0711. 

Veterinary Teaching Hospital PO Box 647060 , Washington State University, Pullman WA 99164-7060, 509-335-0711, Contact Us Safety Links
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